This timeline is one of the best summaries I've found for Northeast Arkansas. We have had several flags fly over our area in early history--Spanish, French, District of Missouri, District of Arkansas, United States.
H. Terry Childs and Charles H. McNutt, The Arkansas Archeologist, Vol 48,
Arkansas Archeology Society, Fayetteville, AR, 2009, pg 28
of section entitled: The Local Historic Period (Childs)
Chickasawba Region (North Mississippi County Area)
Historic Period Time Line:
1541 June 18 Hernando
De Soto expedition crosses the Mississippi River into Present-day Arkansas (Clayton et al. 1993)
June 29 De Soto, accompanied by foot soldiers, cavalry, and a
large contingent of Casqui Indians,
comes to frontier town of Pacaha. Remains in Pacaha until July 28 or approx one
month (Clayton et al. 1993)
1673 Marquette and Jolliet descend Mississippi River. Observe
great decrease in native population (Phillips et al.) 1951:419). Below the Ohio, the first town mentioned is
Mitchigamea, located near the 33rd degree of latitude. The next village, Akamsea, was ca 40 km
down-river. It is believed that the occupants of
the latter village were Quapaw. (Morse and Morse 1983:316-317; Phillips et al.
1682 LaSalle Expedition build Fort Prudhomme on
Chickasaw Bluffs, hunts in present-day Ms Co, Arkansas.
Claims region for France. (Goodspeed 1889:450)
1686 Tonti’s expedition, establishment of Arkansas Post
1712 Louis XIV grants A. Crozat a 15-year
monopoly for granting lands, mines, and trade in region including northeast Arkansas (Thomas 1930)
1722 French historian Charlevoix passed down Mississippi
River and visits Indians in the area. No permanent settlements observed (Goodspeed 1889:450)
1762 Prior to defeat in the French and Indian
wars, Louis XV or France secretly gives “Louisiana” west of the Mississippi River to his cousin Charles III of Spain.
Transfer ratified the following year. (Presson
1765 Map by Lt. John Ross first reference to
Prunes River. Surveys western boundary of British territory after French and Indian War (BCN, December 31, 1999)
1785 A few Spanish and French traders located at
Barfield Point, at the head of Canadian Reach. No permanent settlements are in area during the 1700’s (Goodspeed
1889:450) 1795 Spain recognizes Mississippi River as the western boundary
of the US, grants free navigation rights on river. (Pinckney’s Treaty a.k.a. Treaty of San Lorenzo) (Walker
1799 White and Black population of Arkansas recorded as
386 (Reynolds 1908:214)
1800 Spain cedes Arkansas back to French by
Tready of San Ildefonso (Walker 1971:5)
1801 Zadok Cramer begins publication of
Navigator: Assigns numbers to island in Mississippi River (Cramer 1808)
1803 Louisiana Purchase. Arkansas region obtained by
the US (Bolton 1998:24) 1808 Governor Chouteau’s treaty with chiefs of
Big and Little Osage, ceding 14,830,432 acres, including
MS Co Ar (Hempstead 1911:55-56; Reynolds 1908:214-215)
1810 First census shows 1,062 Whites and Blacks in
Arkansas. Most people (874) living along the Arkansas River. (Reynolds
1908:214) Note: Native Americans were not counted.
1811-1812 Great Shakes, the New Madrid Earthquakes.
The “Little Pemiscoe River,” that parallels the
Mississippi at a distance of ca 12 miles empties into the St. Francis, fills with sand
(Fletcher 1812) (Dell was originally on the Pemiscot Bayou)
1812 First steamboat passes Mississippi Co enroute to New Orleans
from Pittsburg (Goodspeed 1889:451)
1812-1819 District of Arkansas attached to Missouri
Territory (Walker 1917:6)
A Chickasaw Indian
1812 Soon after Great Shakes, Chief Chickasawba
arrives at 3MS5 and builds hut on one of the mounds. An Arkansas journal published at about this time gives detailed account
of native ceremony intended to avert
wrath of Great Spirit (Goodspeed 1889:450, 504)
1819 Arkansas Territory created (Presson
1828 *Captain Charles Bowen settles at Barfield
Point. Gives account of Chief Chickasawba and also fortified Indian site at Barfield Landing (Edrington 1962:24-25;
Goodspeed 1889:451-452, 470)
1830 **Crawford family settles at North Sawba.
Speak of friendliness of local Chickasaw Indians and their chief, Chickasawba (McCall 1994)
1832 Elijah Buford settles on top of the largest
mound at Barfield Point. Builds house and plants garden on top of a mound. At this location are “immense mounds surrounded by
ditches” (Goodspeed 1889:447) 1836 Arkansas becomes a state
Notes: *Descendents of Charles Bowen influenced the formation of the town of Dell. The Moody's of Dell are also connected to the Bowens.
** A few of the descendents of the Crawford family settled in the Dell area.
from the Blytheville Courier News, January 24, 1951
DELL CHURCH DEDICATED--Officials at the dedication of the new Methodist Church at Dell are shown above as they stand in front of the building following the services Sunday morning. Unless otherwise identified, the people pictured are members of the Board of Stewards of the Dell Church.
Front Row, Left to Right: B. S. Simmons; H. Noble Gill, chairman of the Board of Stewards; the Rev. Paul E. Martin, Bishop of the Northeast Arkansas Conference; the Rev. E. B. Williams, Superintendent of the Jonesboro District; and the Rev. E. H. Hall, pastor of the Dell Methodist Church.
Second row, left to right: Lester Gill; Earl Magers; Mrs. Mavis Settlemire, President of the Women's Society of Christian Service; Clem H. Whistle; Mrs. Helen Sanders; Charles Stuck of Jonesboro, contractor for the building; and Ralph Simpson.
Third row, left to right: O. E. Honeycutt; R. B. Crawford; M. F. Brownlee, Sr.; John Stevens; L. M. Moody; and Bob Henderson.
Back row, left to right: William Stuck of Jonesboro, contractor for the building; Wendell Phillips of Blytheville, architect; and Noble Dixon.
About 400 attended the dedication ceremonies Sunday.
Edna Stanleyb. 4 Dec
1910, Malden, MOm. Dave Keltnerb. 1905 Humbolt, Tnd. 1978
Dave worked at the airbase for 30 years. They were the only Kelners in Dell.
Moved to Dell 1920--Left in 1929--Returned in 1955.
Mother died when she was born . Father took her and ran
away. About 5 years later her Grandmother found out she was left in an orphanage.
He disappeared and she never saw him again. Father left her at an orphanage in
Indiana; grandmother, who lived in Mo, sold a cow and got her aunt (Clara
Sheridan=sis to Della Sheridan Ozee) to go get her(bought her a ticket to Indiana). The Sheridans lived in Arkansas.
Grandmother thought it would be better for the Sheridans to take care of her in
Went to work in Post Office for Ms Della Ozee. Worked 6 days/wk for $5. Not
even 18 yrs old.
Ms. Della taught school at Shonyo, and she paid her out of her
salary. Aunt took $2.50 for room
and board. If she was big enough to work, she
was big enough to pay room and board.
Grandmother, aunt, and she lived together in Dell.
She went to Memphis and stayed with Crick’s sis (Crick=Crystal Kerbrough Cranford).
job at telephone office and worked there for 25 years.
Married Dave in Memphis.No children. Dave didn’t want to adopt.
Grandmother was good friend of the Kerbroughs, who were from
TN. There was no bridge
across the river (Ms). Would say it was heaven over there. Mrs.
Kerbrough was kin to Keltners
way back, so when she went to Memphis, she "got mixed up
with the Keltners". Was going with one of
the Keltner boys and liked him pretty
good. Then Dave came along and she liked him better.
Keltners from Ripley, TN
Lots of Keltners in Missouri
Had to pay to go to school in
Dell (had to pay for books and all),
so she went to Missouri to school.
Came back to Dell in the summer 1920-25. She had to pay her tuition, too.
Dell School=white frame
Mrs. Craig=big fat teacher
woman, daughter Francis m. Hop Secoy
another daug--Mattie Wilma, was the youngest
was her teacher when she was in school. Loved her
The school sat closer to street.
Edna went to school 1 year at
Dell. M.F. (Brownlee), Dallas (Brownlee), Louise Brownlee,
Versa (Haney), Pauline, Naoma (Magers Gill), Mamie (Magers Griffin),
Armstrong, Louise Armstrong, Gene Bradberry and Olive Bradberry
were her school friends.
More than one grade to a room.
2 rooms on ea side with long hall
down the middle.
You entered at the hall.
Della Sheridan,m Angleton (had a boy). Boy=Adeal?
Then married "old man Ozee"
Pybus=where Kenny lives now (Second & Jefferson).
Carried mail. Had a little two
wheel cart. Elderly. Come to Post Office, put
the mail in a big pouch, put lock on it,
to the depot where the clerk would put it on the train.
On east side of Dell,
built up like walkway and PO was on
side of Freeman’s Store, barber shop in
1st Ms Moody had nephew
that was a barber, was on this side (E) =
Bryan Turner m. Johnny Mooney (or
(Edna worked at PO at that time.
Bryan would come to PO ea day
with a letter to Johnny and the next day
write him back.)
Edna got her hair cut there.
Got $1/day for chopping cotton
for Mr. Hardin. Bought overalls
to chop cotton in. Hot.
That’s when she got her
Johnny, sis to Pauline,
Virginia, (Pauline had beauty shop,
m. Bob Henderson), Mary Lee (in Keiser),
died when young-----
Annie m Wiley Grice’s boy
Mooney’s lived out about where
Cleo Lewis lived (where Bogan Whistle currently lives).
Bud Mooney m Pansy Evans (there
were 4 Evans boys), divorced.
Then Bud Mooneym. one of the Minyard girls
Flippin=ran drug store on the
corner(not sure which corner) Edna
thinks it’s where the Secoys drug was. (Secoys was on the east side of Main & Second)
Maggie Morgan (Clint Morgans
wife), spoke her mind most of the time.
Will and Clint Morgan=bros,
was another bro.
PO on west side of street
Sawmill behind Haney House.
Haney had a sawmill.
Edna says she played in the sawdust.
(Aunt Mamie said it
was a grist mill--maybe both?)
Versa Haney and Mamie good
friend. Mamie and Versa and Edna=same age.
They’d been at the school house
playing, was walking home, Versa and Mamie got into
a quarrel and Versa said “-----" Edna was so appalled,
picked up a stick and whipped Versa on the back side.
Edna probably wasn’t over
10 y o
Versa and Pauline were young.
Older sister=Winnie Haney
and bro named Ralph
1920-30Boys put Otto Bradberry in box car and locked
Train took him to Roseland,
where they stopped to take on water at the
water tank there.
Otto had to walk back to Dell.
Don’t know who put him in
Jerry Frankum, good friend of
Mitchell Houston’s=it was
boys about their age who put
Bradberry in box car.